Browsing by Author "Foley, Joseph A."
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ItemAdapting CEFR for English language education in ASEAN, Japan and China(Assumption University Press, 2019) Foley, Joseph A.This paper will first outline and discuss the revised version of the Common European Framework of Reference Languages: Learning, teaching and assessment (CEFR) [ 2018] together with the Frameworks of Reference for English Language Education in Thailand Malaysia, Vietnam, Japan and China which are based on the CEFR. The indications are of potentially several issues that need to be addressed, including the fact that the local versions of CEFR were mainly based on the 2001 framework and not the 2018 which came later. Other issues such as using the same proficiency scales as the basis for rating scale criteria may lead to perceived equivalence but does not necessarily lead to greater comparability of shared criteria. There are also indications from a number of studies that the perceived view that CEFR as being mainly an assessment tool rather than about language competency may result in a negative attitude from both teachers, students and stake-holders.
Item"Ante et Retro Occulata": Looking Back and Looking Forward( 2014) Foley, Joseph A.This article briefly looks at what changes might occur linguistically with the widening of English within ASEAN Economic Community (AEC) while at the same time looking at the changes that have taken place in both the language and attitude in the history of English in its country of origin in terms of two forms of imperative: the cooperative and the territorial. In one case, the cooperative imperative is seen as a need to continually modify the language in order to communicate with people within new contexts and cultures. On the other, the territorial imperative seeks to secure and protect a separate and social identity. What lessons can we learn from history and what consequences such lessons can have for teaching in terms of the differences between teaching English as a foreign language (EFL) and the growing awareness of the wider use of English as a lingua franca (ELF) will also be discussed.
ItemThe shifting paradigms in second language researchThis paper first looks at the psychological oriented tradition in Second Language Acquisition (SLA) and in spite of the valuable contributions made, the number of shortcomings in the explanation of how people learn a language. There has been a shift in paradigm in terms of research into SLA in the last few decades, in that a more socially oriented explanation of language learning is seen as equally important for a complete account of how language acquisition and development takes place. Research into SLA from this perspective would involve looking at how contexts of learning differ, the cultural and social characteristics of learners in varying contexts, the needs for and attitudes towards the language being learnt in those contexts.