Browsing by Author "Krisada Sawaengdee"
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ItemPersuasion of International Migration Perceived by Thai NursesThe purpose of this qualitative study was to understand the motivation of international migration of Thai nurses.The data were collected from 2 groups: 1) a group of 14 nurses who had experiences working abroad were recruited for in-depth interviews, and 2) a group of 16 nurses who were processing to work abroad, 14 of them were recruited to participate in focus group interviews and 2 of them were willing for the in-depth interviews. The participants were purposively selected using snowball technique. The semi-structured interview guidelines asking about motivation of international migration were used. The data were collected during December 2011 – August, 2012. The interview were recorded and transcribed verbatim for content analysis by coding, ordering, and comparing. The results revealed that the factors that motivate Thai nurses for international migration were varied according to the individual context. The motivation that pull them to migrate expressed by both groups of nurses emerged similarly in five themes: 1) obtaining better payment; 2) seeking new experiences; 3) building better future for the family; 4) improving the quality of life; and 5) gaining opportunity for further study. The better payment was the most attractive motivation expressed by both groups of nurses. Moreover, both groups of nurses expressed similar motivations that push them for international migration. Three themes were emerged including: 1) unsatisfied working system and environment; 2) poor promotion and limited nursing career path; and 3) low payment compared to work load. The study suggests the policy implication for maintaining Thai nurses in the health system. Efforts should be made on improvement of staffing management and supportive working environment by proposing various hiring system, enhancing the opportunity for professional growth and nursing career path, including increasing salary.