Browsing by Author "Patrabul Puttahraksa"
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ItemEmpowerment program on promoting perceived self-efficacy in caregivers of autistic childrenThis study was a Quasi-experimental pretest-posttest non-equivalent comparison group design, aimed to evaluate the effects of the empowerment program for caregivers of autistic children. The participants were 74 caregivers who took care of 2-5 years old autistic children at the Child and Adolescent Mental Health Institute, Rajanakarin. After being enrolled into the study, the participants were matched by caregivers’ and children’s gender and assigned to the experimental group (37 participants) or the control group (37 participants).The experimental group completed the 5-day empowerment program which was administered by the researcher whereas the control group received only the routine treatment program. The empowerment program was composed of 4 steps: discovering reality, critical reflection, taking charge and holding on through group process. The data was gathered at the pre-test and at the 4th, 8th and 12th week after the intervention program.The findings revealed that the experimental group had statistically significantly higher scores on perceived self-efficacy in care of autistic children than the control group (p < .001) and there was a statistically significant difference between the 4th and 12th weeks (p < .05).The evidence from this study indicated that this program had effect on promoting perceived self-efficacy in autistic child care. The application of this program is suggested for all caregivers of 2-5 years old autistic children.
ItemPerceived self-efficacy, knowledge, and breast self-examination practice among Assumption University female studentsThe population of this study consisted of 9,684 Assumption University students. The sample size was calculated by using Yamane’s Formula, and 100 students were randomized to be the sample. The instrument was divided into 4 parts: personal data, knowledge, perceived self efficacy, and breast self-examination behavior. Content validity was examined by experts and reliability was obtained by mean of Cronbach’s coefficient alpha. The reliability of the perceived self-efficacy questionnaire was 0.987. Descriptive data analysis was used. The results revealed that knowledge and perceived self-efficacy were in the moderate level (mean 6 from 10, and 51 from 100). 51% of students performed (breast self- examination ( BSE), but almost of them performed once a year. It had no correlation between knowledge and BSE practice (r=0.00, P=0.998). The relationship between perceived self-efficacy and BSE practice was marginally significant (P=0.01). The findings showed that most of the samples did not have enough knowledge about BSE, had low self-efficacy, and inadequate practice. Those who had low self-efficacy should examine their breast occasionally. Therefore, the enhancing self-efficacy perception among female students should be a concern of health promoting faculty program.