Browsing by Subject "Social status"
Results Per Page
ItemConspicuous Consumption of the Elite: Social and Self-Congruity in Tourism ChoicesThis paper relies on social and economic psychology to explore how the travel choices of Portuguese citizens, with different status levels in their daily lives, perceive and adopt different conspicuous travel patterns because of public exposure. To account for the moderated role of public exposure on conspicuous travel patterns, 36 Portuguese citizens were interviewed. Q-methods were applied to explore the varying senses of conspicuous travel choices among citizens with different levels of public exposure, both individually and relative to each other. Complementary qualitative methods were applied, in order to explore how the interviewees construct tourism conspicuous meanings that match their social or self-representations. The results suggest that social contexts moderate the ways in which individuals perceive and experience conspicuous travel. Further, the results show that public groups with higher exposure tend to prefer subtle signals of conspicuousness, in order to differentiate themselves from the mainstream.
ItemAn examination of the relationships between self-perceptions, conspicuous consumption, and saving behaviorThis paper seeks to examine (1) the effects of social status and the three major components of self-esteem, performance, appearance, and social self-esteem, on conspicuous consumption and (2) the impact of conspicuous consumption on saving behavior. The relationships substantiated in this study are based mainly on the perception-behavior linkage within the social psychology domain. The data used to analyze the proposed relationships in this study were collected through an on-line survey, with a final sample size of 268 consumers. The findings show that only social status and the social dimension of self-esteem significantly affect conspicuous consumption. Surprisingly, we found no relationship between conspicuous consumption and savings. The results are discussed, along with suggestions for future research.