Prajna Vihara: Vol. 23, No. 1 (January - June 2022)

Permanent URI for this collection


Recent Submissions

Now showing 1 - 4 of 4
  • Item
    The ethics of intellectual property law in the area of pharmaceutical drugs and vaccines during times of pandemics
    (Bangkok : Assumption University Press, 2022) Peeraput Thiendej ; Giordano, John
    The course of the Covid 19 pandemic, has demonstrated the serious obstacles to the availability and access to vaccines for many less-developed countries. One obstacle involves the pharmaceutical patents which limited the ability of many countries to afford the necessary vaccines. For many, the intellectual property laws created by the World Trade Organization and TRIPS agreement has shown itself to be unfair to less-developed countries. This is also seen as a problem in global justice. There is an increasing belief that pharmaceutical patents should be waived in times of emergency. But the question is how to justify these waivers? One approach might be the idea of the commons which underlies intellectual property in it most basic form. This paper explores ways of reforming intellectual property law in light of the recent problems connected to the Covid pandemic.
  • Item
    The important role of the separation of church and state in last generation theology for seventh-day adventists
    (Bangkok : Assumption University Press, 2022) Kritzinger, Armin ; Malik, Mohammad Manzoor
    This paper takes a contemporary look at the discussion and analysis of the concept of separation of church and state from a Seventh-day Adventist perspective. The separation of church and state means that the government should not enforce any specific religion on the population, and should not prohibit the population to follow any specific religion. The separation of church and state can clearly be seen in the First Amendment of the United States Constitution. Philosophers like Locke strongly opposed the combination of church and state, and during the Dark Ages, where the church largely controlled the state, we can see how many people were killed by the Roman Catholic Church and its subsidiaries for following their consciences. History has shown us that in countries where religion and state has not been kept separate, there is persecution of the masses. The Bible, and Seventh-day Adventist Christian authors like Alonzo Jones and Ellen White, completely reject the idea of the state wanting to enforce religious rules on their people. These authors believed in the central idea of Last Generation Theology, which is that the last generation of Christians who are alive when Christ returns will live lives completely free from sin. In order to be encouraged Prajñā Vihāra Vol. 23 no. 1 January to June 2022, 109-121 © 2000 by Assumption University Press 110 Prajñā Vihāra Vol. 23 no. 1 January to June 2022 to be completely obedient to God in all areas that He requires, it is crucial to have the freedom to follow your conscience without the interference of the civil authority. The combination of church and state therefore seems to play a major role in the eschatology of Christianity as it relates to Last Generation Theology.
  • Item
    Rereading the three worlds according to King Ruang based upon its roots in the Tipitaka
    (Bangkok : Assumption University Press, 2022) Nath Narada ; Giordano, John
    This paper is a study of Thai Buddhist cosmology contained in the old manuscript named, the Traibhumikatha (Tebhumikatha). This manuscript had been compiled and revised for first public edition in 1912. The final text was entitled the Trai Phum Phra Ruang and it has been translated into English in 1979 as The Three Worlds According to King Ruang. The dissemination of this text began since the rise of Thai kingdom, thus it is regarded as one of the literary classics of Thai culture. The text has often been interpreted as an attempt to make Theravada Buddhism more accessible to the masses. It subsequently has been appropriated by folk culture as documenting the literal existence of heavens and hells and the accumulation of merits through several lifetimes. This paper aims to move beyond this more superficial reading of text to a deeper interpretation based upon the concept of impermanence (Anicca) which is a dominant concept of Theravada Buddhism. Impermanence represents a cosmological view based on the law of three marks of existence (Tilakkhana). It also determines the features of time, space, and beings as contingent and not independent of other things. Therefore, it is used in this study as a key to disclose a new meaning of this text based upon its deeper narrative, the Tipitaka. And with the notions Nath Narada and John Giordano 73 applied from Schleiermacher’s hermeneutical theory, the rereading of this text represents an attempt to fill the gaps in the traditional interpretation which overlooks the attainment of Nibbana at present lifetime and in modern interpretation which lacks a sociocultural dimension.
  • Item
    Yoga practice as a complement to Samatha meditation
    (Bangkok : Assumption University Press, 2022) Sureeporn Moeisawat ; Warayuth Sriwarakuel
    The demands of contemporary life have led to various kinds of practices to promote physical and mental health. In Buddhist countries, yoga is increasingly attractive to people as a compeiment to the older Theravarda approaches to meditation like Samtha. This paper will explore the phenomenon and show that this increasing practice of yoga is not at odds with Budhhism. Both traditions focus the mindto attain 6DPƗGKL. Increasingly,laypersons and religious people have integrated yoga practice with Samatha meditation, to promote physicalandmental health. This paper will introduce the approach of Banyat Dhammasaro, the Thai monk who has attempted to integrate yoga with Samatha meditation.