Now showing items 7-26 of 36

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    Detection of hepatocellular carcinoma in transgenic mice by Gd-DTPA- and rhodamine 123-conjugated human serum albumin nanoparticles in T1 magnetic resonance imaging 

    Waralee Watcharin; Schmithals, Christian; Pleli, Thomas; Köberle, Verena; Korkusuz, Hüdayi; Hübner, Frank; Waidmann, Oliver; Zeuzem, Stefan; Korf, Horst-Werner; Terfort, Andreas; Gelperina, Svetlana; Vogl, Thomas J.; Kreuter, Jörg; Piiper, Albrecht (2015)

    Nanoparticle (NP)-based contrast agents that enable high resolution anatomic T1-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) offer the prospect of improving differential diagnosis of liver tumors such as hepatocellular carci- noma (HCC). In the present study, we investigated the possibility of employing novel non-toxic human serum albumin nanoparticles conjugated with Gd-DTPA and rhodamine 123 (Gd-Rho-HSA-NPs) for the detection of HCC by T1-weighted MRI. In addition, the influence of surface coating of the NPs with poloxamine 908, which al- ters the ...
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    Determination of suitable palate cleanser for spicy tom yum soup 

    Kamolnate Kitsawad (2014)

    Palate cleansers are required in sensory tests as they help improve the accuracy for sensory responses especially for foods containing strong flavour. The objective of this study is to determine a suitable palate cleanser that can be used to relief spiciness in a Thai dish, tom yum soup. The untrained judges rated the spiciness of three levels of spicy tom yum soups before and after using five palate cleanser strategies, water, bread, unsweetened milk, 10 percent sucrose and nothing. One palate cleanser strategy was used per session, thus the ...
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    Development of corn silk as a biocarrier for Zymomonas mobilis biofilms in ethanol production from rice straw 

    Tatsaporn Todhanakasem; Rashmi Tiwari; Pornthap Thanonkeo (2016)

    Z. mobilis cell immobilization has been proposed as an effective means of improving ethanol production. In this work, polystyrene and corn silk were used as biofilm developmental matrices for Z. mobilis ethanol production with rice straw hydrolysate as a substrate. Rice straw was hydrolyzed by dilute sulfuric acid (H2SO4) and enzymatic hydrolysis. The final hydrolysate contained furfural (271.95 ± 76.30 ppm), 5-hydroxymethyl furfural (0.07 ± 0.00 ppm), vanillin (1.81 ± 0.00 ppm), syringaldehyde (5.07 ± 0.83 ppm), 4- hydroxybenzaldehyde ...
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    Effect of drying process on the production of 5-hydroxymethylfurfural in citrofortunella microcarpa at two different maturity stages 

    Teeradate Kongpichitchoke; Hsu, Jue-Liang; Huang, Tzou-Chi (International Cooperation and Development Fund, 2015)

    Citrofortunella microcarpa is a well-known citrus fruit as a good source for flavonoids and antioxidant compounds in peels and seeds. However, they are leftover from juice industry. 5-Hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) is well-recognized for its dominant role in immunology field, and commonly found in thermal-processed products. Thus, this study aimed to first time report HMF discovery from dried C. microcarpa waste. A conventional hot air drying method was used to determine the effects of drying temperatures (30 - 70 °C) and times as well as the maturity ...
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    Encapsulation of protease from Aspergillus oryzae and lipase from Thermomycess lanuginoseus using alginate and different copolymer type 

    Thu, Truong Thi Mong; Wunwisa Krasaekoopt (2016)

    Although the application of enzymes in food as a food processing aid and enzyme supplement is ofinterest and widely used, the enzymes can be easily deactivated or lose their activity due to many causessuch as pH and moisture as well as through the introduction of incompatible ingredients during foodprocessing and storage. These problems can be solved by the encapsulation technique, especially in a gelmatrix. The influences were studied of the alginate concentration, types of copolymer and their con-centrations on the bead size, encapsulation yield ...
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    Fermentation of rice bran hydrolysate to ethanol using Zymomonas mobilis biofilm immobilization on DEAE-cellulose 

    Tatsaporn Todhanakasem; Tipong Narkmit; Kamonchanok Areerat; Pornthap Thanonkeo (2015)

    Background: The major challenges associated with the fermentation of lignocellulosic hydrolysates are the reduction in the operating cost and minimizing the complexity of the process. Zymomonas mobilis biofilm has been emerged to resolve these complexities. Biofilm has been reported to tolerate to the toxic inhibitors and easily manipulated toward the cell recycle through the cell immobilization. Results: Z.mobilisZM4 and TISTR 551were able to develop biofilms onDEAE cellulose under the differences in the morphologies. Z. mobilis ZM4 developed ...
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    Freeze–thaw stability of edible oil-in-water emulsions stabilized by sucrose esters and Tweens 

    Suwimon Ariyaprakai; Kanitha Tananuwong (2015)

    This work aimed to investigate freeze thaw stability of 20 wt% coconut oil (CtO) and corn oil (CnO)- in-water emulsions stabilized by 1 wt% of various types of sucrose esters and Tweens. Sucrose esters composed mainly of sucrose monostearate (S1670), sucrose monopalmitate (P1670), sucrose monolaurate (L1695), Tween 20 (TW20), Tween 60 (TW60), and Tween 80 (TW80) were used. After all emulsions were frozen at 20 ± 2 C and thawed to room temperature, their stability was analyzed from visual appearance, optical micrographs, amounts of ...
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    In-vitro antibacterial activity screening of herb extracts against foodborne pathogenic bacteria from Thailand 

    Patchanee Yasurin; Sasiwan Piya-Isarakul (2015)

    Herbs have been used as traditional medicine since the ancient times as primary health care for local people. This experiment was aimed to study the individual antibacterial activity of six Thai local herbs (Tradescantia spathacea, Andrographis paniculata, Eleocharis acicularis, Acacia concinna, Phyllanthus niruri, and Tinospora cordifolia) against six foodborne pathogenic bacteria (Escherichia coli ATCC25822, Samonella enterica Typhimurium U302 (DT1046), S. enterica Enteritidis (human), S. enterica 4,5,12: i-(human) US clone, Bacillus cereus, ...
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    In-vitro Individual Antibacterial Activity Of Thai Red Curry Paste Ingredients Against Salmonella Enterica Enteritidis (Human) And Listeria Monocytogenes 10403s 

    Patchanee Yasurin; Treuktongjai Saenghiruna (2015)

    Thai red curry paste consists of herbs which have potential to be natural antibacterial agents. Therefore 7 herbs of Thai curry paste ingredients; Chili (Capsicum annuum), Kaffir lime (Citrus hystrix), Cumin (Cuminum cyminum L.), Shallot (Allium ascalonicum L.),Garlic (Allium sativum), Lemongrass (Cymbopogon citrates), and Galangal (Alpinia galangal), were investigated for their individual antibacterial activity againt Salmonella enterica Enteritidis (human) and Listeria monocytogenes 10403S by agar diffusion method Agar under 3 extraction3; ...
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    Interfacial and emulsifying properties of sucrose ester in coconut milk emulsions in comparison with Tween 

    Suwimon Ariyaprakai; Tanachote Limpachoti; Pasawadee Pradipasena (2013)

    In this study, sucrose esters were presented as a promising alternative to petrochemically synthesized Tweens for application in coconut milk emulsions. The interfacial and emulsifier properties of sucrose ester (SE), mainly sucrose monostearate, had been investigated in comparison with Tween 60 (TW), an ethoxylate surfactant. The interfacial tension measurement showed that SE had a slightly better ability to lower the interfacial tension at coconut oilewater interface. These surfactants (0.25 wt%) were applied in coconut milk emulsions with ...
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    Investigating the Effect of Cold Soak Duration on Phenolic Extraction during Cabernet Sauvignon Fermentation 

    Siriwan Panprivech; Lerno, Larry A.; Brenneman, Charles A.; Block, David E.; Oberholster, Anita (2015)

    The impact of increasing cold soak (CS) duration (0, 1, 4, 7, and 10 days at 10 °C) on the extraction of phenolic compounds during the CS period and primary fermentation as well as the final composition of Cabernet Sauvignon wine was investigated. The results showed that CS duration had no effect on hydroxycinnamate and flavonol extractions. Greater amounts of gallic acid, (+)-catechin, (−)-epicatechin, and total tannins were extracted with increasing CS duration, with differences maintained during bottle aging. Anthocyanin extraction and ...
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    Microbial Biofilm in the industry 

    Tatsaporn Todhanakasem (2013)

    Biofilms represent negative and positive attributes in the industries. Biofilm is a functional consortium of microorganisms attached to either biotic or abiotic surfaces and embedded under the extracellular polymeric substances (EPS). Spoilage and pathogenic microorganisms can develop biofilms on food industrial surfaces that can lead to food spoilage and disease transmission when the inappropriate clean up and control have been applied in the food industies. However, single and mixed species of microbial biofilms also represent tremendous ...
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    Microencapsulation of Litsea cubeba Essential Oil in β-Cyclodextrin Using Paste and Co-Precipitation Methods 

    Elizei, Pooyan Shakouri; Wunwisa Krasaekoopt (2014)

    Microencapsulation of Litsea cubeba essential oil (LCEO) with β-cyclodextrin (BCD) was carried out using the paste and co-precipitation methods at various oil concentrations and ratios of LCEO to BCD adapted from a central composite design to determine the effect of these factors on the microencapsulation efficiency, microencapsulation yield, surface oil and recovery of the finished product. In addition, the effect of different levels of water activity and temperature on the oxidative stability of the powder was investigated. Treatment 4 ...
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    Microencapsulation of Probiotics in Hydrocolloid Gel Matrices: A Review 

    Wunwisa Krasaekoopt (2013)

    The use of hydrocolloid gel matrices to encapsulate probiotics is of interest due to their gentle and simplicity of gel formation as well as mild condition used. This technique enhances the viability of entrapped cells during the product shelf life at least above therapeutic minimum level as well as in the gastrointestinal tract to ensure the health benefits of consumers. This review describes the advantages of microencapsulation, hydrocolloid gel matrices such as alginate, carrageenan and whey protein, microencapsulation processes, special ...
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    Microencapsulation of Saffron (Crocus sativus L.) Extract in Copolymer Complexes Using Extrusion Method 

    Shakoori, Pooria; Wunwisa Krasaekoopt (2015)

    This study describes the preparation of alginate-chitosan and alginate-gelatin beads containing saffron components to be incorporated as additives in food products. This study evaluated the influence of incorporating hydrophilic natural polymers, alginate-chitosan and alginate-gelatin on preserving saffron components. The alginate beads were coated with chitosan and gelatin as copolymer by extrusion method with a polyelectrolyte complex reaction between two oppositely charged poly-ions. The beads were formulated, optimized and evaluated to ...
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    Natural antibacterial activity of Thai curry paste in Thai red curry (Kang-Kati) model against Listeria monocytogenes 10403S 

    Patchanee Yasurin; Thidarat Udchachonand (Rajamangala University of Technology Phra Nakhon, 2013)

    In 2012, outbreak-associated strains of Listeria monocytogenes have been reported to CDC. Foods as natural antibiotics itself might be considered as an alternative for food safety. Thai red curry is a Thai cultural dish which has become well-known worldwide for having fresh coconut milk and red curry paste as main ingredients. The main ingredients of red curry paste include various types of herbs: Capsicum annuum (chili), Citrus hystrix (Kaffir lime), Cuminum cyminum L. (Cumin), Allium ascalonicum L. (Shallot), Allium sativum (Garlic), ...
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    Natural antibacterial activity of Thai curry paste in Thai red curry-water base (Kang-Pa) Model on Salmonella enterica 4, 5, 12: i: - (human) and Salmonella enteric Enteritidis (human) 

    Patchanee Yasurin (2013)

    Natural antibacterial is now a very interesting food safety trend. The investigation on the food having antibacterial activity itself, as functional food, becomes more dynamic. Salmonella sp. is a food pathogen which has been reported its outbreaks frequently in variety of foods. Thai red curry (Kang-Pa) is a Thai cultural dish and become worldwide well-known menu. The Thai curry paste, Thai red curry main ingredients, compose of seven herbs including Capsicum annuum (Red chili), Cymbopogon citrates (Lemongrass), Alpinia galangal (Galangal), ...
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    Natural antibacterial activity of Thai red curry paste in coconut milk based curry; Kang-Kati, Model on Salmonella sp. and Listeria monocytogenes 

    Chuchod Sapabguy; Patchanee Yasurin (2015)

    Since 2006, Salmonella sp. and Listeria monocytogenes outbreaks have occurred frequently in a variety food types all over the world. Thai red curry paste is composed of 7 herbs which have been investigated for their antimicrobial activity in different independent laboratories. The investigation aimed to study the antibacterial activity of Thai red curry paste in a coconut milk based curry; Kang-Kati, as a real food model against S. enteric Enteritidis (human) and L. monocytogenes 10403S. The standard plate count method as CFU/ml was used to ...
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    Number of hydroxyl groups on the B-ring of flavonoids affects their antioxidant activity and interaction with phorbol ester binding site of PKCδ C1B domain: in Vitro and in silico studies 

    Teeradate Kongpichitchoke; Hsu, Jue-Liang; Huang, Tzou-Chi (American Chemical Society, 2015)

    Although flavonoids have been reported for their benefits and nutraceutical potential use, the importance of their structure on their beneficial effects, especially on signal transduction mechanisms, has not been well clarified. In this study, three flavonoids, pinocembrin, naringenin, and eriodictyol, were chosen to determine the effect of hydroxyl groups on the B-ring of flavonoid structure on their antioxidant activity. In vitro assays, including DPPH scavenging activity, ROS quantification by flow cytometer, and proteins immunoblotting, and in silico ...
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    Production, purification and characterization of an ionic liquid tolerant cellulase from Bacillus sp. isolated from rice paddy field soil 

    Patchanee Yasurin (2015)

    Background: Lignocellulosic biomass is a renewable, abundant, and inexpensive resource for biorefining process to produce biofuel and valuable chemicals. To make the process become feasible, it requires the use of both efficient pretreatment and hydrolysis enzymes to generate fermentable sugars. Ionic liquid (IL) pretreatment has been demonstrated to be a promising method to enhance the saccharification of biomass by cellulase enzyme; however, the remaining IL in the hydrolysis buffer strongly inhibits the function of cellulase. This study aimed ...