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    The relationship between self-concept, body image, and the personal health of the Assumption University female student
    This correlative study had the following four objectives; 1) to explore the self-concept and body image of the Au female students, 2) to explore the Au female students’ knowledge concerning personal health, 3) to identify health behaviors of Au female students, and 4) to study the correlation between self-concept, body image, and personal health of the Au female students. The population consisted of 1,336 female students who were pursuing a bachelor degree. The 243 participants were selected using stratified random sampling technique. Data was collected from the three questionnaires: Female Body Image Questionnaire, Self-Concept Questionnaire, and Personal Health Questionnaire. Data analysis was conducted by SPSS version 10.01. Results of data concluded that the majority of participants (75.40 %) had a slightly negative body image and only 8.60 % had a positive body image. However, the results show that only a small correlation exists between body image and health behaviors. 47.70 % of the participants posse sed positive levels of self-concept. Students with positive levels of self-concept were believed to also possess positive health behaviors. Furthermore, data analysis showed a significantly moderate correlation of 0.455 between these two variables, denoting that a direct relationship existed between self-concept and personal health. To accomplish the objective of exploring the Au female students’ general health, results showed that the majority (66.25%) held very good health practices, emphasizing that health was very important, 36.60 % stated to that they read health related literature, 41.20 % exercised regularly, and 50.60 % had very good eating habits, eating three meals daily. On the other hand, a percentage of the Au female students displayed negative health practices. 23.10 % of the participants had a bad practice of smoking almost always or often as a means to alleviate stress along with 31.60 % who either usually or always used alcohol as a means to handle stress. This study hopefully will assist in enhancing health care professionals understanding and perspective of the relationship between the human mind and body. It is noted that this connection will act as an important means in the advancement of interventions that will promote health.
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    The third-year nursing students’ opinion toward the integration of student-centered approach for field trip in mental health and psychiatric nursing practicum
    This research aimed to examine the third year Assumption University nursing students’ opinions toward the integration of student-centered approach for field trip in Mental Health and Psychiatric Nursing Practicum. The eight of nursing students were purposive sampled by the researcher from 43 students. Data collection was derived by focus group discussion after completing three areas of field trip including the Stress Relaxation Clinic of Somdejchaophraya Institute of Psychiatry, Emergency Home of Association for the Promotion of the Status of Women, and Yuwaprasart Vaitayoprathum Hospital. Data analysis including content analysis and analytic induction were applied. The research results found that nursing students prepared themselves before field trip by meeting to choose their leader, set up field trip objectives, and delegate responsibilities to others. The benefits gained from field trip were receiving more knowledge, practicing working as a group and cooperating with other people. But the most benefit was obtaining knowledge as their real needed. There were some obstacles during the implementation of student-centered approach for example some students didn’t response in their assignments, moreover some parts of plan didn’t relate to the real environment of field trip areas. The instructors’ roles were facilitator, consultant, and encourager. Nursing students involved in all steps of activities, got more experiences that their needs, and knew how to seek knowledge by themselves which was the good point of the integration of student-centered concept into teaching-learning process. The results suggested that student-centered approach should be implemented in advance in nursing education as a life long learning.
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    Empowerment program on promoting perceived self-efficacy in caregivers of autistic children
    This study was a Quasi-experimental pretest-posttest non-equivalent comparison group design, aimed to evaluate the effects of the empowerment program for caregivers of autistic children. The participants were 74 caregivers who took care of 2-5 years old autistic children at the Child and Adolescent Mental Health Institute, Rajanakarin. After being enrolled into the study, the participants were matched by caregivers’ and children’s gender and assigned to the experimental group (37 participants) or the control group (37 participants).The experimental group completed the 5-day empowerment program which was administered by the researcher whereas the control group received only the routine treatment program. The empowerment program was composed of 4 steps: discovering reality, critical reflection, taking charge and holding on through group process. The data was gathered at the pre-test and at the 4th, 8th and 12th week after the intervention program.The findings revealed that the experimental group had statistically significantly higher scores on perceived self-efficacy in care of autistic children than the control group (p < .001) and there was a statistically significant difference between the 4th and 12th weeks (p < .05).The evidence from this study indicated that this program had effect on promoting perceived self-efficacy in autistic child care. The application of this program is suggested for all caregivers of 2-5 years old autistic children.
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    Violence in dating relationships among Thai secondary school students
    This study examined violence in dating relationships among Thai secondary school students.Eight schools were selected using a stratified random sampling. Participants were 309 male and 326 female students ranging in ages from 14 to 19. Self-administered questionnaires were used to collect data in 2003. Overall, 19% of males and 6% of females reported experiences of the physically and psychologically abusive relationship. Gender played a significant role in perceptions of sex role-stereotypes, dating experiences, and experiences of dating violence. Threatening to end a relationship was the main sexual coercive act used to obtain sexual intercourse.
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    The development of violence research database and the synthesis of research on violence issues in Thai society
    The body of knowledge regarding violence issues in Thai society is significant for the socio-political movements and law reform to cease any form of violence against Thai people. The existing research papers on violence issues conducted in Thailand, so far, were distributed in various institutions and have not yet been systemically complied and effectively utilized. This study aims to analyze and synthesize research on violence issues conducted in the last twenty years (1981-2001) and to place the information into the violence research database initiated on the World Wide Web, http://www.violence.au.edu The 190 research papers were reviewed and classified according to WHO violence classification and subsequently analyzed using qualitative data analysis methods. The content analysis was done and the essence of the research was synthesized by applying the concepts of violence research and women’s health research as the frameworks.The results reveal that most of the existing researches are quantitative and repetitive studies on the causes and factors contributing to the violence occurrences. The survey of incidence and prevalence of the issues, and the attitudes toward violence perpetrators and survivors as well as the characteristics of available services or resources are substantial. Self directed violence research was mainly focused on suicide and attempted suicide cases. Stress from unsolved family problems is the major factor contributing to the rising of suicide among teenagers and adult women. These research findings also reveal that the Thai people lack effective coping skills and seek no assistance when facing with crisis. The limitation of available resources is also problematic. The studies on child abuse and neglect found that children who are witness violence or were raised by abusive parents are likely to be abusers. Thai society lack knowledge and awareness toward this issue and have no effective legal system to isolate children from abusive family and concretely protect children’s rights. The research on violence against women in intimate relationships and/or domestic violence especially those were conducted in 1997 to date reveal that researchers have more insight about gender based violence. Nevertheless, the studies affirming the impact of sex role stereotype and gender double standard that is rampant in Thai patriarchal society are very rare although the concepts were mentioned in certain domestic violence studies. The study to develop problem solving solutions, the improvement of resources and legal systems must be sponsored as priority. Sexual violence research is the most prevalent especially on the issues of stranger rapes. The sensitive nature of this issue kept the researcher from studying about acquaintance rape and misled the extent and characteristics of the problems. Although the empirical research reveals that acquaintance rapes are more common in Thai society, the numbers of scientific research in this area are limited. The results of existing research on sexual violence reflect researcher’s rape myth acceptances and bias attitudes toward rape survivors because of the influence of sex role stereotype and gender double standard socialized in Thai patriarchal society. Gender based violence research and the study of empowerment the women to flight against violence must be continuously supported. The research on adolescent violence, social violence and other forms of violence reveal the common root of problems regarding the limitation of appropriate social and legal system in preventing, diminishing and/or eliminating of the violence issues. Beside the research findings, ethical consideration and principle of human subjects protection in violence research should be seriously enforced among research scientists and constantly pronounced by Thai scientific research community.