Effect of drying process on the production of 5-hydroxymethylfurfural in citrofortunella microcarpa at two different maturity stages

dc.contributor.author Teeradate Kongpichitchoke
dc.contributor.author Hsu, Jue-Liang
dc.contributor.author Huang, Tzou-Chi
dc.date.accessioned 2016-03-18T02:43:29Z
dc.date.available 2016-03-18T02:43:29Z
dc.date.issued 2015
dc.description.abstract Citrofortunella microcarpa is a well-known citrus fruit as a good source for flavonoids and antioxidant compounds in peels and seeds. However, they are leftover from juice industry. 5-Hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) is well-recognized for its dominant role in immunology field, and commonly found in thermal-processed products. Thus, this study aimed to first time report HMF discovery from dried C. microcarpa waste. A conventional hot air drying method was used to determine the effects of drying temperatures (30 - 70 °C) and times as well as the maturity stages of C. microcarpa on HMF production. Liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS") and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) were used to characterize the produced HMF. The results showed that HMF production was positively correlated with drying temperature and drying time. Furthermore, the mature fruits produced significantly higher HMF levels than immature fruits. The highest amount of HMF (0.86 mg/g dry weight) was obtained from drying mature fruit at 70°C for four days. en_US
dc.format.extent 16 pages en_US
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf en_US
dc.identifier.citation J. International Cooperation 10 (1) (May 2015): 55-70 en_US
dc.identifier.uri https://repository.au.edu/handle/6623004553/17779
dc.language.iso eng en_US
dc.publisher International Cooperation and Development Fund en_US
dc.subject 5-Hydroxymethylfurfural en_US
dc.subject Citrofortunella microcarpa en_US
dc.subject LC-MS" en_US
dc.subject Maturity stage en_US
dc.subject NMR en_US
dc.title Effect of drying process on the production of 5-hydroxymethylfurfural in citrofortunella microcarpa at two different maturity stages en_US
dc.type Text en_US
mods.genre Article en_US
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