A model to foster global citizenship characteristics of students in private international universities in Thailand

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2023-12-15
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Kasetsart Journal of Social Sciences
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https://doi.org/10.34044/j.kjss.2024.45.1.03
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eng
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10 pages
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Kasetsart Journal of Social Scienc: Vol. 45 No. 1 (January-March 2024), 21-30
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The rationale of this paper is to understand the global citizenship concept from a Thai perspective. This study aimed to create a model to foster global citizenship characteristics development of students in private international universities in Thailand. The study applied an explanatory sequential mixed method design with qualitative data from the literature sources to create survey questionnaires and experts’ qualitative interview data to triangulate data to develop a model with activities that foster the development of global citizenship characteristics. The findings resulted in nine characteristics of global citizenship: value diversity, awareness of global issues, sense of belonging, critical thinking, a believer in change, active contributor, interconnectedness, sociability, and sustainable development. A model with activities was developed and verified by 15 experts working for higher educational institutions (HEIs) or international and non-profit organizations. In conclusion, the study confirmed the need for more critical thinking skills and awareness of global issues among university students in Thailand. Even though the quantitative result indicated two characteristics required need assessment, the study’s qualitative findings revealed that the model emphasizes the importance of developing all nine characteristics as a holistic view of global citizenship. Therefore, HEIs must focus on developing these characteristics for students to remain competitive in the 21st century’s global market.
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