Privatized VS Community-Based Neighborhood Governance in the Context of Economic Renovation in Vietnam: Case Study of Ho Chi Minh Cit

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2015
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eng
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15 pages
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Social Science Asia Vol.2 No.2 April 2015, Page 40-54
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Abstract
Rapid economic growth, as a result of economic reforms, has commonly brought unintended outcomes of increasing socio-spatial differentiation and unequal neighborhood development in post-socialist cities. Through two case studies in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam each corresponding to a residential area with adverse socio-economic conditions, this paper argues that since economic renovation began in the country in 1986, coupled with the housing segregation in urban development, neighborhood governance has become increasingly differentiated with the emergence of the private sector and more active communities as well as civil society organizations in dealing with neighborhood issues. Their level of involvement and effectiveness in governing the neighborhood depends on the background of the communities and the loosening role of local government. Although more privatized neighborhood governance brings better quality to urban neighborhoods in association with better socio-economic conditions for the residents, the level of the residents’ participation in neighborhood governance and the sense of community in such cases is weaker than that in the case of a community-based approach, which results in poorer neighborhood conditions due to the lower socio-economic profile of the residents.
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